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1956~2022 ๋ฐœ์ƒํ•œ ์ฃผ์š” ์ง€์ง„ ์œ„์น˜ by VISUALCAPITALIST.com

N* Tech/Science

by ๋ผ๋””์˜คํ‚ค์ฆˆ radiokidz@daum.net 2023. 2. 20. 19:00

๋ณธ๋ฌธ

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ํŠ€๋ฅดํ‚ค์˜ˆ์™€ ์‹œ๋ฆฌ์•„๋ฅผ ๋ฎ์นœ ๋ฆฌํžˆํ„ฐ ๊ทœ๋ชจ 7.8์˜ ๊ฐ•์ง„์œผ๋กœ ์ „ ์„ธ๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ๊ฑฑ์ •๊ณผ ์šฐ๋ ค๋ฅผ ํ‘œํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์ฃ . ๊ฐ๊ตญ ์ •๋ถ€์™€ ๋ฏผ๊ฐ„ ์ฐจ์›์—์„œ์˜ ์ง€์›๋„ ์ด์–ด์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์ง€๋งŒ, ๋‹น์žฅ ์‹ค์ข…์ž๋“ค์„ ์ฐพ๊ณ  ์‚ฌ์ƒ์ž๋ฅผ ์ˆ˜์Šตํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋„ ์‰ฝ์ง€ ์•Š์€ ์ƒํ™ฉ์ธ๋ฐ์š”. ์ด๋ฏธ ๋ช‡ ๋งŒ ๋ช…์ด๋‚˜ ๋˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด ํฌ์ƒ๋˜๋Š” ์ž์—ฐ์žฌํ•ด ์†Œ์‹์ด ๋“ค๋ ค์˜ฌ ๋•Œ๋งˆ๋‹ค ๋งŒ๋ฌผ์˜ ์˜์žฅ์„ ์ž์‹ ํ•˜๋Š” ์ธ๊ฐ„์˜ ํž˜์ด ์ž์—ฐ ์•ž์— ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ ๋ฏธ๋ ฅํ•œ์ง€๋ฅผ ์ƒˆ์‚ผ ๋Š๋ผ๊ฒŒ ๋˜๋„ค์š”. ์ง€์ง„์„ ์—ฐ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ด€์ฐฐํ•˜๊ณ  ์˜ˆ์ธกํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ์• ์“ฐ๊ณ  ์žˆ์Œ์—๋„ ๋ถˆ์‘ฅ ์ฐพ์•„์˜ค๋Š” ์ง€์ง„ ๊ฐ™์€ ์ž์—ฐ์žฌํ•ด ์•ž์—์„œ ๋ฌด๋ ฅํ•œ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋“ค. ์•„์‹œ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ์ธ๋ฅ˜๊ฐ€ ์•Œ์•„๋‚ธ ๊ฑด ์ง€์ง„์ด ํ™˜ํƒœํ‰์–‘ ์กฐ์‚ฐ๋Œ€๋ผ ๋ถ€๋ฅด๋Š” ๋ถˆ์˜ ๊ณ ๋ฆฌ์—์„œ ๋งŽ์ด ์ผ์–ด๋‚œ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์ง€๋งŒ, ๋ถˆ์˜ ๊ณ ๋ฆฌ ์ธ๊ทผ์—์„œ๋งŒ ๊ฐ•์ง„์ด ๋ฐœ์ƒํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฑด ์•„๋‹™๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

 

1956๋…„๋ถ€ํ„ฐ 2022๋…„ ์‚ฌ์ด์— ๋ฐœ์ƒํ•œ ์„ธ๊ณ„์˜ ์ฃผ์š” ์ง€์ง„ ์œ„์น˜


PythonMaps๊ฐ€ ์ •๋ฆฌํ•œ ์ด ์ธํฌ๊ทธ๋ž˜ํ”ฝ์€ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ์ง€์งˆ์กฐ์‚ฌ๊ตญ(USGS)์˜ ์ž๋ฃŒ๋ฅผ ๋ฐ”ํƒ•์œผ๋กœ 1956๋…„๋ถ€ํ„ฐ 2022๋…„๊นŒ์ง€ ๋ฆฌํžˆํ„ฐ ๊ทœ๋ชจ 4.5 ์ด์ƒ์˜ ์ง€์ง„์„ ํ‘œ์‹œํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฐ๊ฐ์˜ ์ ์ด ํ•œ ๋ฒˆ์˜ ์ง€์ง„์ธ ์…ˆ์ธ๋ฐ ์ผ๋ณธ ๋•๋ถ„์— ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์™€ ์นœ์ˆ™ํ•œ ํƒœํ‰์–‘ ์ฃผ์œ„์˜ ๋ถˆ์˜ ๊ณ ๋ฆฌ(Ring of Fire) ์™ธ์—๋„ ์œ ๋ผ์‹œ์•„ ๋‚จ์ชฝ์˜ ์•Œํ”„์Šค-ํžˆ๋ง๋ผ์•ผ ์กฐ์‚ฐ๋Œ€(Alpide Belt), ๋Œ€์„œ์–‘์— ํฌ์ง„ํ•œ ๋ฏธ๋“œ-์• ํ‹€๋žœํ‹ฑ ๋ฆฌ์ง€(Mid-Atlantic Ridge) ๋“ฑ์—์„œ ๋งŽ์€ ์ง€์ง„์ด ์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋”๊ตฐ์š”. ์ง€๊ฐ์„ ๊ตฌ์„ฑํ•˜๋Š” ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ ํŒ๋“ค์ด ์ถฉ๋Œํ•˜๋Š” ์–ธ์ €๋ฆฌ๋“ค์ด์ฃ . ์ž˜ ์•„์‹œ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ์ง€์ง„์€ ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ํŒ๊ณผ ํŒ์ด ๋ฏธ๋Š” ํž˜์ด ์ถฉ๋Œํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ ๋ฐœ์ƒํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์œผ๋‹ˆ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋‹น์—ฐํ•œ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ๊ธด ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ์ง€์ง„์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๋ง‰์—ฐํ•œ ๊ณตํฌ๋ฅผ ์ด๊ฒจ๋‚ด๋Š”๋ฐ ๋„์›€์ด ๋  ๋“ฏํ•ด์„œ ์†Œ๊ฐœํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฌธ์ œ๋Š” ์ง€์ง„ ์•ˆ์ „์ง€๋Œ€๋ผ๊ณ  ์ธ์‹ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋˜ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋ผ์—์„œ๋„ ํฌ๊ณ  ์ž‘์€ ์ง€์ง„์ด ์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฑด๋ฐ ๊ผญ ํŒ๊ณผ ํŒ์ด ๋ถ€๋”ช์น˜๋Š” ๊ณณ์ด ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ๊ณ  ์ง€์ง„์€ ๋‚  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ณ , ์ผ๋ณธ์—์„œ ํฐ ์ง€์ง„์ด ๋‚˜๋ฉด ๊ทธ ์—๋„ˆ์ง€๋ผ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋ผ์—๋„ ๋ฏธ์น  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ์ „๋ฌธ๊ฐ€๋“ค์˜ ์šฐ๋ ค๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฑด ์ฐธ๊ณ ํ•˜์‹œ๋ฉด ์ข‹์„ ๋“ฏํ•˜๋„ค์š”. ...์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ์“ฐ๋‹ค ๋ณด๋‹ˆ ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ ๋‹ค์‹œ ์ง€์ง„์˜ ๊ณตํฌ๋ฅผ ํ‚ค์šด ๋“ฏํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ๋ง‰์—ฐํ•œ ๊ณตํฌ๋ณด๋‹ค๋Š” ์ง€์ง„ ๊ฐ™์€ ์ž์—ฐ์žฌํ•ด์— ์ข€ ๋” ๊ด€์‹ฌ์„ ๊ฐ–๊ณ  ๋Œ€์ฒ˜ํ•  ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์„ ์•Œ์•„ ๋‘์…จ์œผ๋ฉด ์ข‹๊ฒ ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

 


 

Mapped: The World’s Major Earthquakes from 1956โ€’2022

Where do the world's major earthquakes happen? This map highlights the epicenters of earthquakes on record between 1956 and 2022.

www.visualcapitalist.com

 

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