์ƒ์„ธ ์ปจํ…์ธ 

๋ณธ๋ฌธ ์ œ๋ชฉ

์ „๊ธฐ์ฐจ ๋ฐฐํ„ฐ๋ฆฌ ์…€์˜ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ, ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ ๊ตฌ์กฐ? by VISUALCAPITALIST.com

N* Tech/Mobility

by ๋ผ๋””์˜คํ‚ค์ฆˆ radiokidz@daum.net 2022. 3. 24. 19:00

๋ณธ๋ฌธ

๋ฐ˜์‘ํ˜•

์ „๊ธฐ์ฐจ ์‹œ์žฅ์ด ์ปค์ง€๋ฉด์„œ ์ „๊ธฐ์ฐจ์˜ ์—ฐ๋ฃŒ(?)๋ฅผ ๋ณด๊ด€ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐฐํ„ฐ๋ฆฌ ์‹œ์žฅ ์—ญ์‹œ ๋น ๋ฅด๊ฒŒ ์„ฑ์žฅํ•˜๊ณ  ์น˜์—ดํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๊ฒฝ์Ÿ ์ค‘์ธ๋ฐ์š”. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ์ผ๊นŒ์š”? ๋ฐฐํ„ฐ๋ฆฌ์˜ ์ฃผ์š” ์—ฐ๋ฃŒ๋กœ ์–ธ๊ธ‰๋˜๋Š” ๋ฆฌํŠฌ, ๋‹ˆ์ผˆ, ์ฝ”๋ฐœํŠธ ๋“ฑ์˜ ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ์ด ๊พธ์ค€ํžˆ ์˜ค๋ฅด๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š”๋ฐ๋„ ๋ฐฐํ„ฐ๋ฆฌ ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ ์ž์ฒด๋Š” ํ•˜๋ฝํ–ˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋”๊ตฐ์š”. ์•„๋งˆ ๋Œ€๋Ÿ‰ ์ƒ์‚ฐ์ด ์ž๋ฆฌ ์žก์œผ๋ฉด์„œ ๊ทœ๋ชจ์˜ ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์ด๋ค„์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒŒ ์•„๋‹๊นŒ ์‹ถ์€๋ฐ์š”. ํ˜น์‹œ ๊ทธ ์ „๊ธฐ ๋ฐฐํ„ฐ๋ฆฌ์˜ ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ์ด ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ์ด๋ค„์ ธ ์žˆ์„์ง€ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ด ๋ณด์‹  ์  ์žˆ์œผ์„ธ์š”?

 

์ „๊ธฐ์ฐจ ๋ฐฐํ„ฐ๋ฆฌ์˜ ํ•ต์‹ฌ์ธ ๋ฐฐํ„ฐ๋ฆฌ ์…€์˜ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ๋ณ„ ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ ๋น„์œจ์€...


์ €๋„ ๋‹น์—ฐํžˆ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ด ๋ณธ ์ ์€ ์—†๋Š”๋ฐ ๋ธ”๋ฃธ๋ฒ„๊ทธ NEF์˜ ์ž๋ฃŒ๋ฅผ ๋ฐ”ํƒ•์œผ๋กœ VISUAL CAPITALIST๊ฐ€ ์ •๋ฆฌํ•œ ๊ฒŒ ์žˆ๋”๋ผ๊ณ ์š”. ์ „๊ธฐ์ฐจ ๋ฐฐํ„ฐ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๊ตฌ์„ฑํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐฐํ„ฐ๋ฆฌ ์…€์˜ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ ์š”์†Œ๋ณ„๋กœ ์…€ ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ์—์„œ ์ฐจ์ง€ํ•˜๋Š” ๋น„์œจ์„ ์†Œ๊ฐœํ•œ ๊ฑด๋ฐ์š”. ๋ฐฐํ„ฐ๋ฆฌ ์…€์˜ ์ ˆ๋ฐ˜ ๋„˜๋Š” 51%๋Š” ์Œ๊ทน์ด ์ œ์กฐ์™€ ๊ฐ๊ฐ€์ƒ๊ฐ ๋น„์šฉ์ด 24%, ์–‘๊ทน์ด 12%, ๋ถ„๋ฆฌ๋ง‰์ด 7%, ์ „ํ•ด์•ก์ด 4%, ์ผ€์ด์Šค ๋“ฑ ๊ธฐํƒ€๊ฐ€ 3% ์ •๋„๋”๋ผ๊ณ ์š”. ์–‘๊ทน๊ณผ ์Œ๊ทน ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ์ด 1:1 ์ˆ˜์ค€์ด ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ๋Š” ๊ฒŒ ์‹ ๊ธฐํ–ˆ๋Š”๋ฐ ์Œ๊ทน์ด ๋ฐฐํ„ฐ๋ฆฌ์˜ ์„ฑ๋Šฅ์„ ๊ฒฐ์ •ํ•˜๋Š” ํ•ต์‹ฌ์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ํ•˜๋”๋ผ๊ณ ์š”. ๋ฆฌํŠฌ๊ณผ ๋‹ˆ์ผˆ ๋“ฑ ๋น„์‹ผ ์†Œ์žฌ๊ฐ€ ์‚ฌ์šฉ๋˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ณณ์ด๊ธฐ๋„ ํ•˜๊ณ ์š”. ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ๋œ ๋ฐฐํ„ฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์•ž์„œ ๋ง์”€๋“œ๋ฆฐ ๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ 2010๋…„ ์ฆˆ์Œ์—” kWh์‹œ ๋‹น 1,200๋‹ฌ๋Ÿฌ ์ •๋„์˜€์ง€๋งŒ, 2021๋…„์—” kWh์‹œ ๋‹น 101๋‹ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋กœ ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ์ด ๋‚ฎ์•„์ง€๋ฉฐ ์ „๊ธฐ์ฐจ ๋Œ€์ค‘ํ™”์— ๋Œ€์‘ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š”๋ฐ์š”. ๋ฌธ์ œ๋Š” ์•ž์œผ๋กœ ์ „๊ธฐ ๋ฐฐํ„ฐ๋ฆฌ์˜ ์†Œ์žฌ ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ์ด ๋” ์น˜์†Ÿ์„ ์ „๋ง์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๊ฑด๋ฐ ์ƒ์‚ฐ ๊ณผ์ •์—์„œ ํ™˜๊ฒฝ ๋ฌธ์ œ๋‚˜ ์ธ๊ถŒ ๋ฌธ์ œ๋„ ์žˆ๋Š” ์ƒํƒœ๋ผ ์ „๊ธฐ์ฐจ ์‹œ์žฅ์˜ ์„ฑ์žฅ์„ ๋ฐœ๋ชฉ ์žก๋Š” ์š”์†Œ๊ฐ€ ๋˜๋Š” ๊ฒŒ ์•„๋‹Œ๊ฐ€ ํ•˜๋Š” ์šฐ๋ ค๋„ ๋“ค๊ธด ํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ... ๊ณผ์—ฐ ์ „๊ธฐ์ฐจ์™€ ๋ฐฐํ„ฐ๋ฆฌ ์‹œ์žฅ์€ ์ง€์†์ ์œผ๋กœ ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๋” ๋‚˜์€ ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ์œผ๋กœ ์ด๋ค„์งˆ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์„๊นŒ์š”?

 


 

Breaking Down the Cost of an EV Battery Cell

The average cost of EV batteries has fallen by 89% since 2010. What makes up the cost of a single EV battery cell?

www.visualcapitalist.com

 

 

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